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Coral Energy Reserves and Calcification in a High-CO2 World at Two Temperatures
Rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations threaten coral reefs globally by causing ocean acidification (OA) and warming. Yet, the combined effects of elevated pCO2 and temperature on coral physiology and resilience remain ...
Physiological response to elevated temperature and pCO2 varies across four Pacific coral species: Understanding the unique host+symbiont response
The physiological response to individual and combined stressors of elevated temperature and pCO2 were measured over a 24-day period in four Pacific corals and their respective symbionts (Acropora millepora/Symbiodinium ...
Continental shelves as a variable but increasing global sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide
It has been speculated that the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) in shelf waters may lag the rise in atmospheric CO2. Here, we show that this is the case across many shelf regions, implying a tendency for enhanced ...
Microelectrode characterization of coral daytime interior pH and carbonate chemistry
Reliably predicting how coral calcification may respond to ocean acidification and warming depends on our understanding of coral calcification mechanisms. However, the concentration and speciation of dissolved inorganic ...
Time of Emergence of Surface Ocean Carbon Dioxide Trends in the North American Coastal Margins in Support of Ocean Acidification Observing System Design
Time of Emergence (ToE) is the time when a signal emerges from the noise of natural variability. Commonly used in climate science for the detection of anthropogenic forcing, this concept has recently been applied to ...
Organic carbon fluxes mediated by corals at elevated pCO2 and temperature
(Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2015-01-20)
Increasing ocean acidification (OA) and seawater temperatures pose significant threats to coral reefs globally. While the combined impacts of OA and seawater temperature on coral biology and calcification in corals have ...