Now showing items 1-20 of 97

    • Timescales and Magnitude of Water Quality Change in Three Texas Estuaries Induced by Passage of Hurricane Harvey 

      Walker, Lily M.; Montagna, Paul A.; Hu, Xinping; Wetz, Michael S. (Estuaries and Coasts, 2020-10-14)
      Tropical cyclones represent a substantial disturbance to water quality in coastal ecosystems via storm surge, winds, and flooding. However, evidence to date suggests that the impacts of tropical cyclones on water quality ...
    • New Insights Into the Seasonal Movement Patterns of Shortfin Mako Sharks in the Gulf of Mexico 

      Gibson, Kesley J.; Streich, Matthew K.; Topping, Tara S.; Stunz, Gregory W. (Frontiers in Marine Science, 2021-01-26)
      Highly mobile apex predators such as the shortfin mako shark (mako shark; Isurus oxyrinchus) serve an important role in the marine ecosystem, and despite their declining populations and vulnerability to overexploitation, ...
    • Determining habitat quality for species that demonstrate dynamic habitat selection 

      Beerens, James M.; Frederick, Peter C.; Noonburg, Erik G.; Gawlik, Dale E. (Ecology and Evolution, 2015-11-19)
      Determining habitat quality for wildlife populations requires relating a species' habitat to its survival and reproduction. Within a season, species occurrence and density can be disconnected from measures of habitat quality ...
    • Mechanisms That Generate Resource Pulses in a Fluctuating Wetland 

      Botson, Bryan A.; Gawlik, Dale E.; Trexler, Joel C. (PLoS ONE, 2016-07-22)
      Animals living in patchy environments may depend on resource pulses to meet the high energetic demands of breeding. We developed two primary a priori hypotheses to examine relationships between three categories of wading ...
    • Time‐integrated habitat availability is a resource attribute that informs patterns of use in intertidal areas 

      Calle, Leonardo; Green, Lauri; Strong, Allan; Gawlik, Dale E. (Ecological Monographs, 2018-05-30)
      In dynamic environments, resource availability may change by several orders of magnitude, over hours to months, but the duration of resource availability is not often included as a characteristic attribute of resources ...
    • Urban food subsidies reduce natural food limitations and reproductive costs for a wetland bird 

      Evans, Betsy A.; Gawlik, Dale E. (Scientific Reports, 2020-08-20)
      There is a strong conservation need to understand traits of species that adapt to urban environments, but results have been equivocal. Wetland birds exhibit a strong phylogenetic signal towards urban tolerance; however, ...
    • Organic carbon fluxes mediated by corals at elevated pCO2 and temperature 

      Levas, Stephen; Grottoli, Andréa G.; Warner, Mark E.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Bauer, James; Schoepf, Verena; Baumann, Justin H.; Matsui, Yohei; Gearing, Colin; Melman, Todd F.; Hoadley, Kenneth D.; Pettay, Daniel T.; Hu, Xinping; Li, Qian; Xu, Hui; Wang, Yongchen (Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2015-01-20)
      Increasing ocean acidification (OA) and seawater temperatures pose significant threats to coral reefs globally. While the combined impacts of OA and seawater temperature on coral biology and calcification in corals have ...
    • Coral Energy Reserves and Calcification in a High-CO2 World at Two Temperatures 

      Schoepf, Verena; Grottoli, Andréa G.; Warner, Mark E.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Melman, Todd F.; Hoadley, Kenneth D.; Pettay, D. Tye; Hu, Xinping; Li, Qian; Xu, Hui; Wang, Yongchen; Matsui, Yohei; Baumann, Justin H. (2013-10-11)
      Rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations threaten coral reefs globally by causing ocean acidification (OA) and warming. Yet, the combined effects of elevated pCO2 and temperature on coral physiology and resilience remain ...
    • Physiological response to elevated temperature and pCO2 varies across four Pacific coral species: Understanding the unique host+symbiont response 

      Hoadley, Kenneth D.; Pettay, D. Tye; Grottoli, Andréa G.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Melman, Todd F.; Schoepf, Verena; Hu, Xinping; Li, Qian; Xu, Hui; Wang, Yongchen; Matsui, Yohei; Baumann, Justin H.; Warner, Mark E. (2015-12-16)
      The physiological response to individual and combined stressors of elevated temperature and pCO2 were measured over a 24-day period in four Pacific corals and their respective symbionts (Acropora millepora/Symbiodinium ...
    • Continental shelves as a variable but increasing global sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide 

      Laruelle, Goulven G.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Hu, Xinping; Gruber, Nicolas; Mackenzie, Fred T.; Regnier, Pierre (2018-01-31)
      It has been speculated that the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) in shelf waters may lag the rise in atmospheric CO2. Here, we show that this is the case across many shelf regions, implying a tendency for enhanced ...
    • Time of Emergence of Surface Ocean Carbon Dioxide Trends in the North American Coastal Margins in Support of Ocean Acidification Observing System Design 

      Turk, Daniela; Wang, Hongjie; Hu, Xinping; Gledhill, Dwight K.; Wang, Zhaohui Aleck; Jiang, Liqing; Cai, Wei-Jun (2019-03-08)
      Time of Emergence (ToE) is the time when a signal emerges from the noise of natural variability. Commonly used in climate science for the detection of anthropogenic forcing, this concept has recently been applied to ...
    • Carbon cycling in the North American coastal ocean: a synthesis 

      Fennel, Katja; Alin, Simone; Barbero, Leticia; Evans, Wiley; Bourgeois, Timothée; Cooley, Sarah; Dunne, John; Feely, Richard A.; Hernandez-Ayon, Jose Martin; Hu, Xinping; Lohrenz, Steven; Muller-Karger, Frank; Najjar, Raymond; Robbins, Lisa; Shadwick, Elizabeth; Siedlecki, Samantha; Steiner, Nadja; Sutton, Adrienne; Turk, Daniela; Vlahos, Penny; Wang, Zhaohui Aleck (2019-03-27)
      A quantification of carbon fluxes in the coastal ocean and across its boundaries with the atmosphere, land, and the open ocean is important for assessing the current state and projecting future trends in ocean carbon uptake ...
    • Microelectrode characterization of coral daytime interior pH and carbonate chemistry 

      Cai, Wei-Jun; Ma, Yuening; Hopkinson, Brian M.; Grottoli, Andréa G.; Warner, Mark E.; Ding, Qian; Hu, Xinping; Yuan, Xiangchen; Schoepf, Verena; Xu, Hui; Han, Chenhua; Melman, Todd F.; Hoadley, Kenneth D.; Pettay, D. Tye; Matsui, Yohei; Baumann, Justin H.; Levas, Stephen; Ying, Ye; Wang, Yongchen (2016-04-04)
      Reliably predicting how coral calcification may respond to ocean acidification and warming depends on our understanding of coral calcification mechanisms. However, the concentration and speciation of dissolved inorganic ...
    • Photomineralization of organic carbon in a eutrophic, semiarid estuary 

      Wang, Hongjie; Hu, Xinping; Wetz, Michael S.; Hayes, Kenneth C.; Lu, Kaijun (2020-01-28)
      The effect of photomineralization on the carbon cycle in a eutrophic, semiarid estuary (Baffin Bay, Texas) was investigated using closed‐system incubations. Photochemical production rate of dissolved inorganic carbon ranged ...
    • Disparate responses of carbonate system in two adjacent subtropical estuaries to the influence of Hurricane Harvey - A case study 

      Hu, Xinping; Yao, Hongming; Staryk, Cory J.; McCutcheon, Melissa R.; Wetz, Michael S.; Walker, Lily (Frontiers in Marine Science, 2020-01-31)
      Two adjacent estuaries in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico (GOM) (Mission–Aransas or MAE and Guadalupe–San Antonio or GE), despite their close proximity and similar extents of freshening caused by Hurricane Harvey, exhibited ...
    • Crassostrea virginica dredge efficiency in Texas estuaries 

      Pollack, Jennifer Beseres; Palmer, Terence A. (Experimental Results, 2019-11-22)
      Quantifying and comparing stocks of oysters (Crassostrea virginica) within and among estuaries across the Gulf of Mexico is difficult because the sampling equipment used is either inconsistent among studies, or inefficient. ...
    • Long-term changes in contamination and macrobenthic communities adjacent to McMurdo Station, Antarctica 

      Palmer, Terence A.; Klein, Andrew G.; Sweet, Stephen T.; Montagna, Paul A.; Hyde, Larry J.; Sericano, Jose; Wade, Terry L.; Kennicutt II, Mahlon C.; Pollack, Jennifer Beseres (Science of the Total Environment, 2020-10-08)
      Improved waste management at McMurdo Station, Antarctica beginning in the 1980s has been followed by decreases in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and metal contamination in the adjacent marine sediments. However, ...
    • Response of macrobenthic communities to changes in water quality in a subtropical, microtidal estuary (Oso Bay, Texas) 

      de Santiago, Kevin; Palmer, Terence A.; Wetz, Michael S.; Pollack, Jennifer Beseres (Experimental Results, 2020-09-18)
      The influence of nutrient loading and other anthropogenic stressors is thought to be greater in low inflow, microtidal estuaries, where there is limited water exchange. This 11-month study compared spatial changes in ...
    • Framework for a Community Health Observing System for the Gulf of Mexico Region: Preparing for Future Disasters 

      Sandifer, Paul; Knapp, Landon; Lichtveld, Maureen; Manley, Ruth; Abramson, David; Caffey, Rex; Cochran, David; Collier, Tracy; Ebi, Kristie; Engel, Lawrence; Farrington, John; Finucane, Melissa; Hale, Christine; Halpern, David; Harville, Emily; Hart, Leslie; Hswen, Yulin; Kirkpatrick, Barbara; McEwen, Bruce; Morris, Glenn; Orbach, Raymond; Palinkas, Lawrence; Partyka, Melissa; Porter, Dwayne; Prather, Aric A.; Rowles, Teresa; Scott, Geoffrey; Seeman, Teresa; Solo-Gabriele, Helena; Svendsen, Erik; Tincher, Terry; Trtanj, Juli; Walker, Ann Hayward; Yehuda, Rachel; Yip, Fuyuen; Yoskowitz, David; Singer, Burton (Frontiers in Public Health, 2020-10-15)
      The Gulf of Mexico (GoM) region is prone to disasters, including recurrent oil spills, hurricanes, floods, industrial accidents, harmful algal blooms, and the current COVID-19 pandemic. The GoM and other regions of the ...
    • An assessment of trends in the frequency and duration of Karenia brevis red tide blooms on the South Texas coast (western Gulf of Mexico) 

      Tominack, S.A.; Coffey, K.Z.; Yoskowitz, D.; Sutton, G.; Wetz, M.S. (PlosOne, 2020-09-18)
      Limited data coverage on harmful algal blooms (HABs) in some regions makes assessment of long-term trends difficult, and also impedes understanding of bloom ecology. Here, observations reported in a local newspaper were ...