Extracting Impervious Surface from Aerial Imagery Using Semi-Automatic Sampling and Spectral Stability
Gorelick, Steven M.
Zimba, Paul V.
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The quantification of impervious surface through remote sensing provides critical information for urban planning and environmental management. The acquisition of quality reference data and the selection of effective predictor variables are two factors that contribute to the low accuracies of impervious surface in urban remote sensing. A hybrid method was developed to improve the extraction of impervious surface from high-resolution aerial imagery. This method integrates ancillary datasets from OpenStreetMap, National Wetland Inventory, and National Cropland Data to generate training and validation samples in a semi-automatic manner, significantly reducing the effort of visual interpretation and manual labeling. Satellite-derived surface reflectance stability is incorporated to improve the separation of impervious surface from other land cover classes. This method was applied to 1-m National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) imagery of three sites with different levels of land development and data availability. Results indicate improved extractions of impervious surface with user’s accuracies ranging from 69% to 90% and producer’s accuracies from 88% to 95%. The results were compared to the 30-m percent impervious surface data of the National Land Cover Database, demonstrating the potential of this method to validate and complement satellite-derived medium-resolution datasets of urban land cover and land use.
RightsAttribution 3.0 United States
CitationZhang, H.; Gorelick, S.M.; Zimba, P.V. Extracting Impervious Surface from Aerial Imagery Using Semi-Automatic Sampling and Spectral Stability. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 506
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