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dc.contributor.advisorLarkin, Patrick D.
dc.contributor.authorRubiano-Rincon, Sebastian
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-21T23:33:36Z
dc.date.available2020-05-21T23:33:36Z
dc.date.issued2019-12
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1969.6/87877
dc.description.abstractSeagrasses are marine angiosperms that provide key ecological services to coastal areas. Unfortunately, seagrasses are experiencing a progressive decline, driven by natural and anthropogenic stressors, including sulfide (H2S) intrusion from high sediment sulfide concentrations. Seagrasses cope with sulfides through avoidance (reoxidation in the sediment) or tolerance (assimilation by tissues). Previous studies also suggested that seagrass response to environmental stress can be influenced and benefit from having genotypic (clonal) diversity. Although these mechanisms have been studied in some species, few have examined sulfide intrusion and its relation to genotypic diversity in seagrasses from the Texas Gulf Coast. In this study, we used stable sulfur isotopes and a microsatellite-based DNA marker assay to assess sulfide intrusion in the seagrass Halodule wrightii and investigate whether genotypic diversity plays a role in its response to sulfide stress. We found a gradient in δ34S values (-5.58 ± 0.54‰ to 13.58 ± 0.30‰), from roots to leaves, suggesting that H2S enters through underground tissues and is then distributed throughout the plant. The presence of sulfide-derived sulfur in varying proportions (15% to 76%) among the leaf, rhizome and root tissues indicates they are able to assimilate it into non-toxic, metabolic forms. Although sulfide intrusion did not significantly vary among the different genotypes (P > 0.05), this seagrass population had signs of being genetically diverse, indicating that it has the necessary genetic material to face and resist environmental stress. We hope that this study serves as the basis for further exploration of the genetics of sulfur assimilation and metabolism in seagrasses.en_US
dc.format.extent87 pagesen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.rightsThis material is made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user assumes full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used should be fully credited with its source. All rights are reserved and retained regardless of current or future development or laws that may apply to fair use standards. Permission for publication of this material, in part or in full, must be secured with the author and/or publisher.en_US
dc.subjectGenotypic diversityen_US
dc.subjectHalodule wrightiien_US
dc.subjectmicrosatellitesen_US
dc.subjectSeagrassen_US
dc.subjectSulfide intrusionen_US
dc.subjectSulfur stable isotopesen_US
dc.titleAssessment of Sulfide Intrusion and Genotypic Diversity in the Seagrass Halodule Wrightii from the Texas Gulf Coasten_US
dc.typeTexten_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.grantorTexas A & M University--Corpus Christien_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberRichard, Coffin
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHu, Xinping
dc.description.departmentPhysical and Environmental Sciencesen_US
dc.description.collegeCollege of Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.type.genreThesisen_US


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