Euglenophycin is produced in at least six species of euglenoid algae and six of seven strains of Euglena sanguinea

Abstract

Euglena sanguinea is known to produce the alkaloid toxin euglenophycin and is known to cause fish kills and inhibit mammalian tissue and microalgal culture growth. An analysis of over 30 species of euglenoids for accumulation of euglenophycin identified six additional species producing the toxin; and six of the seven E. sanguinea strains produced the toxin. A phylogenetic assessment of these species confirmed most taxa were in the Euglenaceae, whereas synthesis capability apparently has been lost in the Phacus, Eutreptiella, and Discoplastis branches.

Description

Keywords

algae, euglena, euglenophycin, harmful algal blooms, toxin

Sponsorship

Rights:

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

Citation

Zimba, P.V., Huang, I.S., Gutierrez, D., Shin, W., Bennett, M.S. and Triemer, R.E., 2017. Euglenophycin is produced in at least six species of euglenoid algae and six of seven strains of Euglena sanguinea. Harmful Algae, 63, pp.79-84.