Lower-Dimensional model of the flow and transport processes in thin domains by numerical averaging technique




Vasilyeva, Maria
Mbroh, Nana Adjoah
Mehrubeoglu, Mehrube


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In this work, we present a lower-dimensional model for flow and transport problems in thin domains with rough walls. The full-order model is given for a fully resolved geometry, wherein we consider Stokes flow and a time-dependent diffusion–convection equation with inlet and outlet boundary conditions and zero-flux boundary conditions for both the flow and transport problems on domain walls. Generally, discretizations of a full-order model by classical numerical schemes result in very large discrete problems, which are computationally expensive given that sufficiently fine grids are needed for the approximation. To construct a computationally efficient numerical method, we propose a model-order-reduction numerical technique to reduce the full-order model to a lower-dimensional model. The construction of the lower-dimensional model for the flow and the transport problem is based on the finite volume method and the concept of numerical averaging. Numerical results are presented for three test geometries with varying roughness of walls and thickness of the two-dimensional domain to show the accuracy and applicability of the proposed scheme. In our numerical simulations, we use solutions obtained from the finite element method on a fine grid that can resolve the complex geometry at the grid level as the reference solution to the problem.



upscaling, coarse grid, flow and transport problem, thin domain


This research received no external funding.


CC BY 4.0 DEED Attribution 4.0 International


Vasilyeva, M.; Mbroh, N.A.; Mehrubeoglu, M. Lower-Dimensional Model of the Flow and Transport Processes in Thin Domains by Numerical Averaging Technique. Fluids 2024, 9, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids9010004